How many more mass shootings will there be before something is done?

The Las Vegas shooting on October 1st left 58 innocent people dead and 515 more injured. A month later, on November 5th, a man opened fire on a church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, killing 26 during their Sunday service.

These two incidents are the latest in a long string of mass shootings over the last few decades that have once again sparked a debate on gun control in America. Below is a timeline of a few major mass shootings in the United States. The timeline begins with the 1966 University of Texas shooting which is widely considered to be the event that marks the beginning of mass shootings in America.

These are just a handful of the mass shootings in the U.S. The government defines a mass shooting as three or more people being shot and killed by a gunman. By this definition, there have been 146 mass shootings in the United States since August 1st, 1966. Below are a few saddening statistics regarding these mass shootings and gun violence in America.

The mass shootings that media report on are tragic but many more Americans are dying every day from guns that the public isn’t aware of. Gun violence in America is bordering on an epidemic, more than 12,000 Americans were killed in 2015, and current gun laws aren’t helping to slow down the ever-increasing number of victims.

Nearly 60 percent of the guns used in mass shootings since 1966 were obtained legally. Only 16 percent were obtained illegally. Gun laws in America make obtaining guns extremely easy.

A 2007 report by the Small Arms Survey found that civilians in the U.S. owned about 270 million guns. This is enough guns to arm the entire adult population in the United States. Many gun owners own multiple guns, most of which are obtained legally. The Las Vegas gunman was carrying 23 guns at the time of the massacre.

Some opponents to tougher gun laws claim that greater restrictions on guns lead to more gun violence or do little to prevent firearm mortality, but statistics say otherwise.

In the data map below, states were ranked one to five for their level of gun restrictions, with five being the most strict and one being the least strict. The rating is based on restrictions on ownership related to violent/gun-related crimes, dangerous mental illness, open carry, concealed carry, and background checks.

For example, New York ranks at five on the scale for restricting the purchase of firearms by individuals with a dangerous mental illness and a violent criminal background and also prohibiting open carry, allowing wide discretion to deny concealed carry, and enforcing strict background checks. Louisiana, on the other hand, ranks at one for not having any restrictions on the private purchase of firearms.

In this data map, the level of gun restrictions is compared to the number of deaths by firearms per 100,000 people. Many of the states with the least amount of restrictions had some of the highest firearm mortality rates.

Louisiana has some of the least restrictive gun laws in the nation and was second in the country for firearm mortality according to the CDC. New York, on the other hand, has some of the strictest gun laws in the nation and has one of the lowest firearm mortality rates in the U.S.

Another argument against stricter gun laws is the idea that armed civilians can fight back against these mass murderers. Looking at the graph below, however, armed civilians only manage to end 3 percent of mass shootings. This is based on a study conducted by the FBI from 2000 to 2013 which analyzed how various mass shootings ended. The study revealed more mass shootings were ended by unarmed civilians than by armed civilians.

So what do federal gun laws currently look like?

The Second Amendment is the biggest piece of gun-related legislation and reads: “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.”

Some pro-restriction supporters argue that the Second Amendment was intended for, as it states, a militia and not for private citizens. Regardless of the interpretation, the Supreme Court confirmed the second amendment to be an individual right in 2008 with District of Columbia v. Heller.

Aside from the Second Amendment, the Gun Control Act of 1968 is arguably the second biggest piece of legislation revolving around gun ownership. This was the law that prohibited the sale of firearms by federally licensed retailers to several individuals including those under 18, anyone with a criminal record, the mentally disabled, unlawful aliens, dishonorably discharged military personnel, and others.

1993 saw the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act pass, This mandated background checks for all unlicensed persons purchasing a firearm from federally licensed dealers.

In 1994, an assault weapon ban was passed but Congress let the bill expire in 2004. Because of this, there is currently no federal regulation on semi-automatic assault weapons nor military-style .50 caliber rifles, handguns, or large-capacity ammunition magazines.

The United States hasn’t passed a significant piece of legislation restricting guns in over 20 years. It is time for Congress re-evaluates the current gun laws in America.

How many more mass shooting will occur before lawmakers decide doing nothing is no longer the best option? How many more thousands will die a year before Washington considers gun violence a truly deadly issue?

After School Programs in Tennessee

After school programs often provide food in the form of of snacks or dinner, computer time in the tech lab, social time and video game time in the games room that consists of Xbox, bean bags and board games, active play which includes gym and outside, and homework which includes homework help and tutoring These are the main parts that makes the club work smoothly and provides items to make sure a member is successful.

In Tennessee, 17% (170,645) of K-12 youth are responsible for taking care of themselves after school. Also, of all Tennessee children not currently enrolled in after school, 31% (263,754) would be likely to participate in an after school program if they were available in their neighborhood.92% of parents in Tennessee are satisfied with the after school program their child attends.18% (179,897) of Tennessee’s K-12 children participate in after school programs, including 21,786 kids in programs supported by the U.S. Department of Education’s 21st Century Community Learning Centers initiative, the only federal program dedicated to after school (




After school and summer learning programs help Tennessee’s students achieve goals. After school programs help students do better in school, develop their work behaviors, and advance. The programs involve students in moving experiences that increase leadership, collaboration, and responsibility. In Tennessee, nearly 180,000 children and teens are enrolled in an after school program. After school and summer learning programs can show kids new academic and professional opportunities, especially in the STEM fields known as science, technology, engineering and math. It is critical to prepare all kids for the future. Between Tennessee parents: 92 percent are pleased with their child’s after school program, 75 percent say it’s significant for their children to have summer activities that help them sustain academic skills and learn new things, 74 percent say after school programs help children increase workforce skills, and 59 percent say their child’s after school program offers STEM learning opportunities (

Families across America report that the space between work and school schedules can be up to 25 hours per week. Parental worries about after school care result in missed work time and decreased production that costs U.S. businesses up to $300 billion annually ( Between Tennessee parents: 78 percent say that after school programs help working parents keep their jobs, 83 percent agree that after school programs help give working parents peace of mind about their children when they are at work, 86 percent backs public funding for after school programs, and 88 percent backs public funding for summer learning programs (

Businesses can partner with after school and summer programs to offer mentorships or internships to middle and high school students and invest in STEM activities for after school and summer programs. Also, Volunteers in after school programs share simple STEM-related activities to acquire interest in the careers to encourage after school programming and organize a task force in the community to create youth services where there are gaps to Create a Maker Space where youth and their families can discover and experiment (

What’s Next: Dispelling After-College Myths

We are coming up on the end of the semester which means exams for most. But for some seniors it is crunch time and many are in search for a job as they also prepare to walk across the stage and close a chapter in their lives in order to start a new one. While some find it easy to get a job others are uncertain of their field of study and/or abilities within a certain career field. It is not always a walk in the park when it comes to the job market. College classes can only get students so far, there has to be equal efforts in outside activities and work. Many people are constantly sharing their tips and opinions on how to get a job in today’s working world.

The most important thing to remember after students walk across the stage is to take a breath and come down off the highs of college and constantly working. Contrary to popular belief, it is healthy to break away from a schedule for a while to recoup; some graduates are even going the gap year root and taking time to ‘find themselves’. Whether it’s one month or one year, it is okay for students to take a break. That may help with making wise choices for the next few years.


To ease the minds of those who are panicking about entering the job market, there are usually jobs offered in every major, whether they are plentiful or few. The key, according to some business websites and affiliates, is to find a specific title that suits the abilities that a student has and then tailor them to what the job is expecting because this job market is better than it has been in the past few years. College students change their major 3-4 times during their years at school. Some students even decide to change their major their senior year which can be stressful. There are a few occupations that only require two years of study and some that require no schooling at all.

Sometimes job searches can take people outside their preferred location. Many college graduates are moving to cities that are not at the top of a tourist attraction list but are bringing in ages 25-34 yearly. Forbes, and other publications, have reported on the top cities for young professionals to look at. It is important to look at markets before beginning any job hunt. Look at housing, transportation and overall living cost. If students are not prepared to enter a new market then they will be less likely to succeed in their future endeavors which is why it is smart to do some research.

For those students who enjoyed their majors and want to continue work in that area, there are jobs that only need a bachelor’s degree to for work eligibility. Do not get discouraged by the amount of jobs one area of study has compared to others, there is something for everyone. Many jobs offer a high starting salary compared to the average pay in that field

It is not enough for graduates to just have a vision or dream about where they want to be when they get their diploma. There is a lot of hard work and determination that goes into deciding on a career. Graduates, with only a few weeks left it is best to explore all options and choose wisely based on yourself.

Does it end?

By now, the majority of us are well aware of the flood of sexual harassment accusations against dozens of well-known men in the entertainment industry. The New York Times reported in October that Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein had reached settlements with at least eight women in the past, regarding accusations of sexual misconduct and harassment. 83 women have now come forward to say that Weinstein acted inappropriately toward them.

But the reports haven’t stopped at Weinstein. With the re-introduction of the #MeToo hashtag – started by activist Tarana Burke a decade ago, and gaining attention when actress Alyssa Milano tweeted the tag following publication of the Times article – it became clear that this is a much bigger problem than anyone had anticipated.

Björk, an Icelandic singer, songwriter, producer and actress known globally for her avant-garde style, was just one industry member who disclosed via social media that she, too, had been victimized.

in the spirit of #metoo i would like to lend women around the world a hand with a more detailed description of my…

Posted by Björk on Tuesday, October 17, 2017

The list of survivors in Hollywood, female and male, goes on and on: Reese Witherspoon, America Ferrera, Lady Gaga, Gabrielle Union, and Molly Ringwald, to name a few. Terry Crews has also openly discussed the negative impact that harassment has had on him.

The list of incriminated men is incredibly long, too. Danny Masterson, Hollywood actor. Matt Lauer, television news reporter for NBC News. Charlie Rose, television host and reporter for CBS, PBS and Bloomberg LP. Russell Simmons, cofounder of the Def Jam record label. Louis C.K., comedian. Michael Oreskes, NPR news chief.

These are only a handful of those affected by allegations, whether making or facing them. Some individuals have admitted to acting inappropriately (apologies were later issued by Louis C.K. and Charlie Rose, for example), but the stories keep coming, and are not limited to Hollywood. Former Chief Justice and Republican nominee for U.S. Senate Roy Moore has also recently been accused by multiple women of harassment.



Following the thousands who have used the #MeToo hashtag to talk about their experiences with abuse and harassment are several women in powerful government positions, including four United States Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.), Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii) and Heidi Heitkamp (D-N.D.).

Those who are able are continuing to talk about those experiences, which often happen at work and which they must often brush off. But here’s the thing: the harassment is not limited to awkward hugs or inappropriate shoulder rubs from a boss. And although women most often face these sorts of abuse, they are not the only ones suffering.


Lest anyone think these reports are a fluke, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention found that in 2011, nearly 20 percent of U.S. women had been raped at some point, and roughly 43 percent had survived some other type of sexual violence. That translates to numbers into the millions (mouse over chart for more exact figures).

In much the same way that these affronts are not isolated to one kind of assault, they are not isolated to one country. A survey from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights found that in 2011, nearly half of French, Finnish and German women have experienced some form of physical or sexual violence. A quarter or more of women in nearly every other member country of the European Union reported the same (mouse over map for exact figures by country).

Might these incidents be driven less by actual sexual desire, and more by the desire to exert power? That would likely explain why so many assaults occur while in the process of a job interview or a meeting with a professional superior, and why those accused are often in higher-level positions of authority.

Plenty have been told to pull themselves up by their bootstraps and become independently successful. That independence is the path to the American Dream. However, becoming self-reliant, and thus powerful, takes time and work. What price do these survivors pay to get there? Must they endure the Weinsteins, the Roses, the Mastersons and all the others to get ahead?

For many, the answer is “yes.” Socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals in particular – mostly women, but some men as well – such as single mothers or women of color, might be left with no other choice than to accept harassment for the sake of supporting their families and themselves. Not everyone has the ability to go to college, or to seek out a job at which they can be free from unwanted sexual advances.

Ideally, those experiencing or at risk of harassment or abuse could “save themselves” via independence, or by removing themselves from the situation. Unfortunately, to suggest such a solution in the real world is to let predators off the hook, and to oversimplify an immensely complicated problem.

It has been established that gender roles and power dynamics enforced through societal norms encourage sexual aggression. It has been shown over and over again that many men feel entitled to forcing sex with a woman if he thinks that she has “led him on.”

Why has society established these norms in the first place? Why has it taken so long for these issues to get noticed, and why must it fall to survivors to call for change via the #MeToo movement?

Most importantly – what do we do about it?

Running is a female dominated sport, but they can’t participate without fear.

The majority of runners are women and a majority of them have been harassed while running.

Running has become an incredibly popular sport over the past 10 years. Participation in organized races has increased steadily, and now more women are lacing up their shoes than ever before. From the days of being banned from racing until now, women have come an incredibly long way.

Thanks to the brave ladies who decided to stand up and challenge the status quo, women can claim running as their sport. More women are finishing races now than menOne study found that women are actually better at running marathons than men.

But ladies still can’t go for a run without being afraid. Sometimes going for a run can even cost a woman’s life. In a span of nine days, three women were murdered mid-run in 2016. This horrific incident prompted the popular magazine, Runner’s World, to conduct an extensive report about the dangers women face while running. The results were unsurprising, as a majority of respondents stated they had been harassed on a run. Though oftentimes a simple comment, a catcall, or a whistle can seem harmless, it can be annoying to be interrupted mid-run. These incidents can escalate into an assault, as the survey found numerous woman had been groped.

Most of the women surveyed lived in urban areas larger than Knoxville, but harassment can happen anywhere. I reached out to multiple students at UT and asked if they had ever experienced any kind of harassment while on a run. Most women I asked had been catcalled at least once while on a run, but some had more chilling stories.

One student, Kylie Amos, recounted multiple instances of being cat-called while running. “Once, a man called me a slut for not responding to him,” she stated. No woman deserves to be insulted for choosing not to acknowledge a comment.

She also told a horrifying story of being followed while on a run. “I got cat-called. I ignored it and kept on my way. But the weirdest thing was I saw him again six miles down the trail. He said the exact same thing when I ran past,” Amos said. She finished her run just before dark and was about to enter her apartment complex when she noticed the same man was standing there. This time he was trying to approach her. “I kept running to my friend’s apartment complex, but after that incident, I ran with pepper spray. Soon after, I took the rape aggression course on campus too, but I still feel uncomfortable on my typical route sometimes,” Amos stated.

Another student, Megan Sadler, had a similar story of being followed. “I was running and accidentally took a wrong turn and ended up in a rough part of town. I turned around and realized that I was being followed. He began to yell at me and tried to convince me to get in his car with him,” Sadler stated. Sadler, fortunately, was able to call a friend to come pick her up before the situation escalated, but she is still affected by the incident today. “Now, I never run alone. I always go with my boyfriend or a friend. I wish I was brave enough to go by myself because running used to be my ‘me-time,'” Sadler said.

What can we do to make sure that the percentage of women that have been harassed during a run will decrease as the number of women participating in running increases? We can help each other out. As women, we can ensure that when we see something happening, we stand up for each other. Men, you can do the same. If you’re out on a run and you see or hear something inappropriate, call it out. Let’s make sure that women have the right to go for a run without being concerned about their safety. We have to do it together.

Orphan Crisis


It is estimated that there are 150 million documented orphans worldwide. There are so many statistics on the internet regarding the orphan crisis and sometimes those statistics are interpreted wrong or incorrect in the first place. While the universal number is 140 million (take a look for yourself, the first number to pop up on google is 140 million) there are orphans that aren’t being accounted for. This number includes the children who have not only lost both parents, but also the children who have lost just one parent. The leading cause of death is HIV/AIDS, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the orphan crisis is the worst.

Why is a child with just one parent considered an orphan you may ask? When a child loses a single parent to HIV/AIDS, the surviving parent is likely carrying the disease as well. HIV/AIDS is a brutal disease that takes a toll on the human body, making everyday tasks difficult or even impossible. The child left behind often becomes neglected or the care provided by the parent is impaired. In developing countries, the child is automatically at a disadvantage after losing a parent, making he or she struggle to get healthcare, education, food, etc. HIV/AIDS took the life of a parent for three out of four orphans in Sub-Saharan African developing countries. Orphans who are victims of losing a parent to HIV/AIDS often work as child laborers.

It is predicted that there are millions of orphans that are not included in these statistics. Due to demographics, lack of technology in other countries, we truly do not know how many orphans are in the world. Most of the children accounted for are the one living in homes, foster homes, orphanages, etc. The ones who are not accounted for are the orphans sold into sex slavery, working as child laborers, living on the streets, or even recruited into armed forces. Tens of thousands of children are estimated to be recruited to fight in armed forces, 1.2 million children are estimated to be trafficked each year. Take a look at some mind blowing statistics below: